Calculas
posted by Mimi on .
If a ball is thrown in the air with a velocity 44 ft/s, its height in feet t seconds later is given by y = 44t  16t2.
(a) Find the average velocity for the time period beginning when t = 2 and lasting 0.5 second.
ft/s
(b) Find the average velocity for the time period beginning when t = 2 and lasting 0.1 second.
ft/s
(c) Find the average velocity for the time period beginning when t = 2 and lasting 0.05 second.
ft/s
(d) Find the average velocity for the time period beginning when t = 2 and lasting 0.01 second.
? ft/s
(e) Estimate the instantaneous velocity when t = 2.

This will not use calculus. It is an exercise to show how to use algebra to approximate the instantaneous velocity that you would get using calculus.
Just use the formula
y = 44t  16 t^2
multiple times.
For (a), y(2) = 88  64 = 24 ft
y(2.5) = 110  100 = 10 ft
Average velocity Vav
= [y(2.5)  y(2)]/0.5 = 28 ft/s
For (d), y(2.01)= 88.440  64.6416 = 23.7984
Vav = [y(2.01)  y(2)]/0.01
= (23.7984 24)/0.01 = 20.16 ft/s
Do parts (b) and (c) yourself and notice the trends in average velocity as the time interval gets shorter