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March 28, 2017

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i did this problem and it isn't working out, so i think i'm either making a dumb mistake or misunderstanding what it's asking.

A particle moves along the x axis so that its velocity at any time t greater than or equal to 0 is given by v(t) = 1 - sin(2pi*t).

a. Acceleration a(t) of the particle at any time t?

i said that acceleration was the derivative of velocity, so i took the derivative of the velocity function.

v(t) = 1 - sin(2pi*t)
v'(t) = -cos(2pi*t) x 2pi
a(t) = -2pi*cos(2pi*t)

b. Values of t between 0 and 2 where the particle is at rest?

i said it was at rest when velocity = 0.

0 = 1 - sin(2pi*t)
1 = sin(2pi*t)

sin(pi/2) = 1, so...
2pi*t = pi/2
4pi*t = pi
4t = 1
t = 1/4

c. Position x(t) of the particle at any time t if x(0) = 0?

i didn't understand the part about x(0) = 0. i kind of ignored it and it didn't work out. i figured that the position function was the anti-derivative of the velocity function and did:

anti-derivative of 1 - sin(2pi*t)
1/2pi x anti-derivative of 1 - sin(2pi*t)
1/2pi (t + cos(2pi*t)) = x(t)

but that doesn't equal 0 when t = 0. help?

  • calc - ,

    in b) you were right to find
    t = 1/4
    but remember the period of 1 - sin(2pi*t)
    is 2pi/2pi = 1

    so another solution would be 1/4 + 1 or
    t = 5/4

    so the times between 0 and 2 when the object is at rest is
    t = 1/4 and t = 5/4

    for c) if
    v(t) = 1 - sin(2pi*t)
    then x(t) = t + (1/2pi)cos(2pi*t) + c
    but you were given x(0) = 0
    0 = 0 + (1/2pi)cos(0) + c
    0 = )1/2pi) + c
    c = -1/(2pi)

    so x(t) = t + (1/2pi)cos(2pi*t) - 1/(2pi)

  • haha how do i respond to responses? - ,

    omg i can't believe i just forgot c in part c. it's even called part c!

    and thank you for the help with part b. i completely forgot about that!

  • calc - ,

    Let R be the region bounded by the y-axis and the graph of y=xcubed divided by 1+xsquared and y=4-2x,as shown inthe figure above.

    find the area of R

    find the volume of the solid generated when R is revolved about the x-axis

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