posted by Nabiha on .
Metals + cold water.
Li, Na, K, Ca.
Notes on reactions, equations or space? <<<< don't no what space or equations means. can someone help?
Also, say order of reactivity.
see equation 13.10 for these very active metal reactions.
I have no idea what space means here. Equations mean what is the reaction?
Your cryptic question must be clarified if we are to help. Please amplify.
With Li, Na and K the reactions are exothermic [give out heat] and you would see flames and the metals would move vigorously on top of the water.
The reactivity order is Li<Na<K
so K is the most reactive.
The reaction of an alkali metal with water gives a Hydroxide and Hydrogen given off.
Here is the balanced equation for K
2K + 2H2O -> 2KOH + H2
2Na + 2H2O -> 2NaOH + H2
You can do the one for Li now.
For Ca the equation is slightly different as Ca has a valency of 2 so 2 OH- ions can attach which gives
Ca+ 2H2O -> Ca(OH)2 + H2
This reaction is less vigorous than the above metals [unless the water is hot in which case it's very vigorous]
I don't know what 'space' means for this question but I hope the rest has helped.