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English

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This is my english assignment, hope someone will look over it for me!! Thanks

Identify the phrase in the sentence below, and name the kind and function of each phrase.

a)Having had a good season, they hoped to win the trophy.
having had a good season: participial
to win the trophy: infinitival noun phrase, direct object

b)In the last few weeks, they have often been seen going to the theatre together.
In the last few weeks : adverbial prepositional phrase
going: participial

c)The car parked in the garage is not for rent
parked in the garage: adjectival participial phrase
for rent: adverbial prepositional phrase

d)Rejecting their offer, she said she was no longer interested in doing business with them
Rejecting their offer: adverbial participial phrase
doing business: gerund, subject complement
with them: adverbial prepositional phrase

e)To be honest, I don’t want to take extra work at the moment
to be honest: infinitival adverb phrase
to take extra work: infinitival noun phrase, subject complement
at the moment: adjectival prepositional phrase

f)Eating and Drinking was forbidden during the performance.
Eating: gerund, subject
drinking: gerund, subject
during the performance: adjectival prepositional phrase

g)During the good weather, it is hard to stay indoors and study
During the good weather: adjectival prepositional phrase
to stay indoors and study: : infinitival extraposed noun phrase subject

h)Bored with the game, he walked to the exit whistling loudly
Bored with the game: adverbial participial phrase
whistling loudly: adjectival participial phrase

i)If it continues to rain like this, we will have to leave
If it continues: adverbial prepositional phrase
to rain like this: infinitival noun phrase, direct object
to leave: infinitival noun phrase, direct object

j)The way to lose weight is to exercise a lot.
to lose weight: infinitival adjective phrase, direct object
to exercise a lot: infinitival noun phrase, subject complement

  • English - ,

    a)Having had a good season, they hoped to win the trophy.
    having had a good season: participial <~~yes, and its function?
    to win the trophy: infinitival noun phrase, direct object <~~yes

    b)In the last few weeks, they have often been seen going to the theatre together.
    In the last few weeks : adverbial prepositional phrase <~~yes
    going: participial <~~incomplete; one word is not a phrase; function not given

    c)The car parked in the garage is not for rent
    parked in the garage: adjectival participial phrase <~~yes
    for rent: adverbial prepositional phrase <~~yes

    d)Rejecting their offer, she said she was no longer interested in doing business with them
    Rejecting their offer: adverbial participial phrase
    doing business: gerund, subject complement <~~yes
    with them: adverbial prepositional phrase <~~yes

    e)To be honest, I don’t want to take extra work at the moment
    to be honest: infinitival adverb phrase <~~yes
    to take extra work: infinitival noun phrase, subject complement <~~no
    at the moment: adjectival prepositional phrase <~~yes

    f)Eating and Drinking was forbidden during the performance.
    Eating: gerund, subject <~~not a phrase
    drinking: gerund, subject <~~not a phrase
    during the performance: adjectival prepositional phrase <~~yes

    g)During the good weather, it is hard to stay indoors and study
    During the good weather: adjectival prepositional phrase <~~yes
    to stay indoors and study: infinitival extraposed noun phrase subject <~~yes

    h)Bored with the game, he walked to the exit whistling loudly
    Bored with the game: adverbial participial phrase <~~yes
    whistling loudly: adjectival participial phrase <~~yes

    i)If it continues to rain like this, we will have to leave
    If it continues: adverbial prepositional phrase <~~??
    to rain like this: infinitival noun phrase, direct object <~~??
    to leave: infinitival noun phrase, direct object <~~yes

    j)The way to lose weight is to exercise a lot.
    to lose weight: infinitival adjective phrase, direct object <~~no
    to exercise a lot: infinitival noun phrase, subject complement <~~yes

  • English - ,

    I think the troblesome is to differntiate whether it is function as an adverbial or as an adjectival



    a)Having had a good season, they hoped to win the trophy.
    having had a good season: could be adverbial participial phrase expressing reason ?



    c)The car parked in the garage is not for rent

    for rent: prepositional adjectival functions as subject complement ?

    d)Rejecting their offer, she said she was no longer interested in doing business with them
    Rejecting their offer: participial adjectival phrase modifying she ?
    interested in doing business: adjectival participial phrase subject complement ?



    f)Eating and Drinking was forbidden during the performance.

    forbidden during the performance: participial adjective phrase subject complement ??

    g)During the good weather, it is hard to stay indoors and study
    During the good weather: adverbial prepositional phrase ??
    to stay indoors and study:

    h)Bored with the game, he walked to the exit whistling loudly
    Bored with the game: adjectival participial phrase modifying he

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