physics
posted by Anonymous on .
Your 300mL cup of coffee is too hot to drink when served at 87C. What is the mass of an ice cube, taken from a 20C freezer, that will cool your coffee to a pleasant 58C?

You want to remove M C (delta T) = 300 g*1.00 Cal/(g C) * 29 C = 8700 calories from the coffee. If m is the mass of ice you add, the heat absorbed by the ice while melting and incresing in temperature from 20 to +58 C is
m*Cice*(20) + mCwater*58 + m*80 Cal/g
The specific heat of ice, Cice = 0.51 Cal/g C
8700 cal = 10.2 m + 58 m + 80 m = 148.2
Solve for m 
q1 = heat to move ice from 20 to zero.
q1 = mass ice x specific heat ice x (TfinalTinitial). [Tf will be 0 and Ti will be 20 but watch that sign since it will change.
q2 = heat to melt the ice.
q2 = mass ice x heat fusion.
q3 = heat to move ice from zero to 58.
q3 = mass ice x specific heat water (its now a liquid) x (580).
q4 = loss of heat to move 300 mL water from 87 to 58.
q4 = mass water x specific heat water x (5887).
q1 + q2 + q3 + q4 = 0
You have only one unknown in all of the above which is mass ice. Solve for that. Check my thinking. I won't be on for the next 6 hours or so.