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Mathamatics

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I need help figuring out these two math word porblem:

1) A sales tax of 6% of the cost of a car was added to the purchase price of $29,500.
a. how much was the sales tax?
b. What is the total cost of the car, including sales tax?



2) During the packaging process for oranges, spoiled oranges are described by an inspector. In one day an inspector found that 4.8% of the 20,000 pounds of oranges inspected were spoiled.

a. How many pounds of oranges were spoiled?

b. How many pounds of oranges were not spoiled?


Can you please show the steps to these two problems on how you got the answer?

  • Mathematics -

    1) A sales tax of 6% of the cost of a car was added to the purchase price of $29,500.
    a. how much was the sales tax? multiply 29500 x 0.06
    b. What is the total cost of the car, including sales tax? add 29500 + the answer to 1a above

    2) During the packaging process for oranges, spoiled oranges are described by an inspector. In one day an inspector found that 4.8% of the 20,000 pounds of oranges inspected were spoiled.
    a. How many pounds of oranges were spoiled? multiply 20000 x 0.048
    b. How many pounds of oranges were not spoiled? subtract the answer you got for 2a above from 20000

    Remember some things:

    1. A percent is expressed as a decimal by moving the decimal point two places to the left. Examples:
    5.5% - 0.055
    8% = 0.08
    25% = .25

    2. The word "of" in a problem generally indicates that multiplication needs to take place.

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