Posted by John on Monday, November 10, 2008 at 5:53am.
1. Without rules, people cannot get along with others.
1-1. If there were no rules, people could not get along with others.
1-2. If they have no rules, people could not get along with others.
(Does # 1 mean #1-1 or #1-2? Does 'get' mean 'go'? What is the meaning of 'get along with'?)
All three essentially mean the same thing. To "get along with" is an idiomatic expression, not always explainable! Here are a good website to help you with idioms:
You can find others by just putting english idioms into www.google.com.
2. Drivers sometimes can't see you.
2-1. Drivers can't sometimes see you.
(Is 2-1 wrong?) 2 is better than 2-1; even better would be this: Sometimes drivers can't see you.
3. Only 3 is correct; 3-1 is not used.
4. All three are about the same, but 4 is the one most commonly used.
5. Keep down close to the floor.
(Keep is an intransitive verb. Down is an adverb. Close to is a prepositional phrase. The floor is a noun phrase.
Are the above right? What is the meaning of 'keep' in this sentence?)
Almost all are correct; "close" is also an adverb; "to" is the preposition; in addition to being a noun, "floor" is also the object of the preposition "to." In this sentence, "keep" means "stay."
6. NEVER re-enter a burning building.
6-1. NEVER reenter a burning building.
6-2. NEVER re-enter a building which is burning.
(Can we use both 're-enter' and ' reenter'? Does 6-2 is also grammatical?)
All three are fine; I've seen both "re-enter" and "reenter" but I think the one with the hyphen helps people read the word correctly the first time!
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