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American Lit.(Poetry)

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I need to find these in this poem:
1.Apostrophe:The addressing of a discourse to a real or imagined person who is not present; also a speech to an abstraction.
2.Synecdoche:A figure of speech in which a part stands for a whole, or a whole for a part.
3.Metonymy:A figure of speech in which one thing is used as a substitute for another from which it is closely identified.
5.Synesthesia: A figure of speech uniting or fusing separate sensations or feelings; the description of one type of perception or thought with words that are appropriate to one another.
The voice you hear when you read silently
is not silent, it is a speaking
out-loud voice in your head: it is spoken,
a voice is saying it
as you read. It’s the writer’s words,
of course in a literary sense
his or her “voice” but the sound
of that voice is the sound of your voice
Not the sound your friends know
or the sound of a tape played back
but your voice
caught in the dark cathedral
of your skull, your voice heard
by an internal ear informed by internal abstracts
and what you know by feeling,
having felt. It is your voice
saying, for example, the word “barn”
that the winter wrote
but the “barn” you say
is a barn you know or knew. The voice
in your head, speaking as you read,
never says anything neutrally–some people
hated the barn they knew,
some people love the barn they know
so you hear the word loaded
and a sensory constellation
is lit: horse-gnawed stalls,
hayloft, black heat tape wrapping
a water pipe, a slippery
spilled chirrr of oats from a split sack,
the bony, filthy haunches of cows...
And “barn” is only a noun–no verb
or subject has entered into the sentence yet!
The voice you hear when you read to yourself
is the clearest voice: you speak it
speaking to you

  • American Lit.(Poetry) - ,

    Someone will be glad to comment on the examples you find.

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