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March 28, 2017

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I have 2 statistics problems that I've done and felt completely confident with them until I worked the problem a different way and got a different answer. I was wondering if you could tell me if I have the right answers or not. Thanks so much!

A certain air plane has 2 independent alternators to provide electrical power. The probability that one will fail is .02, what is the probability that.

(a) Probability both will fail = 0.0004
(b) Probability neither will fail (both will work fine) = 0.9604
(c) Probability one will fail = 0.0392

Problem 2:
A random sample of 10 miniature tootsie rolls was taken from a bag, each piece weighed on a very accurate scale. The results in grams were: 3.087 3.131 3.241 3.241 3.27 3.353 3.4 3.411 3.437 3.477

a)construct a 90% confidence interval for the true mean weight.

b)what sample size would be necessary to estimate the true weight with an error of .03 grams with 90% confidence.

c)discuss the factors which might cause variations in the weight of tootsie rolls during manufacturing.

Answers to a, b, and c:
A.
Sample mean 3.3048
Sample SD (s) 0.1320
Sample size (n) 10
Since sample size is smaller than 30, we will use a t-distribution.
Degree of freedom 9
Confidence level 90%
Critical tc 1.833
Margin of error 0.0765
Lower limit 3.2283
Upper limit 3.3813

B.
Margin of error 0.03
Confidence level 90%
Critical tc 1.833
SD 0.1320
Required sample size 65.04451373
Rounded up 6o 66.

C.
Factors include:machines that divide the raw material cannot divide perfectly equally. Although each was weighed on a very accurate scale there is still error of measurement. The temperature utilized during candy manufacture, sharpness of cutting tools utilized to form pieces.

  • Statistics - ,

    Problem 2:
    A random sample of 10 miniature tootsie rolls was taken from a bag, each piece weighed on a very accurate scale. The results in grams were: 3.087 3.131 3.241 3.241 3.27 3.353 3.4 3.411 3.437 3.477

    a)construct a 90% confidence interval for the true mean weight.

    b)what sample size would be necessary to estimate the true weight with an error of .03 grams with 90% confidence.

    c)discuss the factors which might cause variations in the weight of tootsie rolls during manufacturing.

    Answers to a, b, and c:
    A.
    Sample mean 3.3048
    Sample SD (s) 0.1320
    Sample size (n) 10
    Since sample size is smaller than 30, we will use a t-distribution.
    Degree of freedom 9
    Confidence level 90%
    Critical tc 1.833
    Margin of error 0.0765
    Lower limit 3.2283
    Upper limit 3.3813

    B.
    Margin of error 0.03
    Confidence level 90%
    Critical tc 1.833
    SD 0.1320
    Required sample size 65.04451373
    Rounded up 6o 66.

    C.
    Factors include:machines that divide the raw material cannot divide perfectly equally. Although each was weighed on a very accurate scale there is still error of measurement. The temperature utilized during candy manufacture, sharpness of cutting tools utilized to form pieces.

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