Imagine if you were suddenly moved by your parents to Japan or Germany and entered the equivalent of our 5th or 8th grade (or whatever) with only English knowledge and skills. Now think about the list you made last night of teaching ideas for ELL students. Can you tell how each of them would help you learn Japanese or German AND learn your subject areas (math, science, etc.) as well?
Think about it a bit. It'll come to you.
General Teaching Strategies for ELL Students
Use visual aids as often as you can. Visual aids can consist of posters, pictures, movies, graphs, charts, PowerPoint, or you can use yourself or other students as a visual aid. Another type of visual aid is handouts. They can be good and bad at times. Sometime they end up in the garbage or left behind. Many students learn better with visual aid just because you can see if first hand.
Incorporate hands-on activities to demonstrate concepts. A hands-on activity can be if you were to dissect an animal. (Frog, fish, pig, cow heart etc.) Many people learn better by doing hands-on activities but they also seem to remember the material better.
Have yes or no questions. (the answer would have a “yes or no”)
to use English to communicate in social settings,
Refrain from embarrassing ELL students with verbal correction in front of others.
Prepare outlines for lectures and distribute to ELL learners.
Encourage skim and scan reading strategies for textbook assignments. (Encourage them to just “scan” the material and not to read the whole thing.)
Avoid forcing language learners to speak
Encourage them to contribute when they are ready.
Prepare outlines for lectures and distribute to all learners
Pretty much what you would do for ELL students would work for all other students as well.
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