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March 24, 2017

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Categorize each fallacy to its match fallacy which are Ad homimem/genetic, wishful thinking, "Argument" from popularity, Hasty Generalizing, "argument" from outrage, straw man, post hoc, red herring/smokescreen, group think, scare tactices, poisoning the well, apple polishing, guilt trip, perfectionist fallacy and inconsistence ad hominen.

Fallacy staements:
1. It takes someone with a really big heart to give our charity, and you seem like someone who cares more than most.

2. On a radio ad: " have you been fatigued, irrtable, moody? If these symptoms are ignored, you might become depressed or even suicida! Ward of the blues by taking a pill proven to cheer you up. Millions of people have, and they'e glad they did.

3. From a study group member: “I just don’t get it. One minute she says she’s coming, and then the next, she calls to cancel. I wonder if we can trust that the articles she submitted are what we need!”

4.You’re going out with Carron? Well, she’s a nice person, but I hear her last relationship was a wreck! I’d be careful if I were you.

5.About an already-attractive home interior: “I don’t know why we started this home renovation if we’re only doing two of the rooms. Either way, it won’t look right unless we redo the entire house.”

6.Stomachache or not, how could you not eat your dinner after I spent all that time making it!

7.I don’t care if she is the top psychiatrist in the state! Her theory on sibling rivalry is extreme. How can we believe anything she says if she subscribes to theories of that nature?

8.From one politician about another: “He’s a two-faced, liberal, anti-family, anti-values idealist!”

9.My friend, who goes to college in another state, said girls from that sorority are mean. That girl we just met, Tracy, is from the same sorority, so I don’t trust her.

10.From a teenager confronted by his parent about breaking curfew: “Why do we have to keep harping on this curfew thing? Let’s talk about that A grade I’m getting in algebra.”

11.From one mom to another: “I can’t believe Shelia lets her kids watch that garbage! I always knew she wasn’t very strict. Now our kids will be over there watching that junk, too!”

12.From a conspiracy theorist: “Come on, everyone knows that the government has lied to us in the past. This case isn’t any different.”

13.If it weren’t for the president’s environmental policy, we wouldn’t be dealing with these environmental catastrophes.

14.It’s disgraceful that a member of the Elks Lodge would go out to fast food restaurants every night. The Elks believe in family values, including home-cooked meals.

15.Sure, I’ve heard that it’s better to not eat cheeseburgers every day, but it’s extra protein and protein is good for you.

3. straw man
4. wishful thinking
5.perfectionistfallacy
6.poisoning the well
7."Argument" from outrage
8.Inconsistency ad hominem
9.hasty generalizing
10.red herring/smokescreen
11.post hoc
12.guilt trip
13.argument from popularity
14.ad hominem/genetic

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    3. I disagree. Shouldn't this be hasty generalization?
    4. Isn't this another hasty generalization?
    5. Agreed.
    6. How about guilt trip?
    7 - 10. Agree.
    11 - 15 -- I disagree.

    I suggest you study the definitions of these fallacies again and see if you can find better answers.

  • Critical Thinking - ,

    I fell in love with logical reasoning after just one course in college. Keep on trying. This material is difficult but not impossible. Knowledge of this sort may have practical applications later on in your life depending of what path you take.

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    1. It takes someone with a really big heart to give our charity, and you seem like someone who cares more than most.-Apple polishing, the speaker is trying to butter up the audience to get a specific response.

    2. On a radio ad: " have you been fatigued, irrtable, moody? If these symptoms are ignored, you might become depressed or even suicida! Ward of the blues by taking a pill proven to cheer you up. Millions of people have, and they'e glad they did.-Wishful Thinking,this is an ad trying to prey on the wishful thinking of others that such a pill exists.

    3. From a study group member: “I just don’t get it. One minute she says she’s coming, and then the next, she calls to cancel. I wonder if we can trust that the articles she submitted are what we need!” Inconsistency ad hominem, the study group member is pointing out the hypocrisy (inconsistency) of the person as a reason to not take her work seriously.

    4.You’re going out with Carron? Well, she’s a nice person, but I hear her last relationship was a wreck! I’d be careful if I were you.-Scare tactic, scaring the person ahead of time with no real evidence that this will happen again this time.

    5.About an already-attractive home interior: “I don’t know why we started this home renovation if we’re only doing two of the rooms. Either way, it won’t look right unless we redo the entire house.”-Perfectionist fallacy, an all or nothing idea.It has to be perfect or it will cancel out the effect of just doing the two rooms.

    6.Stomachache or not, how could you not eat your dinner after I spent all that time making it!-Argument from outrage, illogical conclusion based on frustration over the time it took to cook the food.

    7.I don’t care if she is the top psychiatrist in the state! Her theory on sibling rivalry is extreme. How can we believe anything she says if she subscribes to theories of that nature?-Poisoning the well,trying to promote a bias BEFORE the audience gets a chance to hear her.

    8.From one politician about another: “He’s a two-faced, liberal, anti-family, anti-values idealist!”-Strawman, pushing an extreme, exagerrated description of an opponent so that it would seem that they could be easily destroyed.

    9.My friend, who goes to college in another state, said girls from that sorority are mean. That girl we just met, Tracy, is from the same sorority, so I don’t trust her.-Ad hominem (attacking the person)genetic, attacking Tracy "the girl we just met" because she is from a group with a specific reputation.

    10.From a teenager confronted by his parent about breaking curfew: “Why do we have to keep harping on this curfew thing? Let’s talk about that A grade I’m getting in algebra.”-Smokescreen, bringing up some other related issue in order to divert attention away from a specific issue.

    11.From one mom to another: “I can’t believe Shelia lets her kids watch that garbage! I always knew she wasn’t very strict. Now our kids will be over there watching that junk, too!”-Hasty Generalizing, making a claim "I knew she wasn't very strict", backing it up with evidence of an action, then ASSUMING something else will happen without no real evidence.

    12.From a conspiracy theorist: “Come on, everyone knows that the government has lied to us in the past. This case isn’t any different.”-Group think, the whole group of the government has lied in the past, so they will continue to.

    13.If it weren’t for the president’s environmental policy, we wouldn’t be dealing with these environmental catastrophes.-Post hoc, arguing that someone is responsible without stating specific factual evidence, when it may just be a coincidence, bad timing.

    14.It’s disgraceful that a member of the Elks Lodge would go out to fast food restaurants every night. The Elks believe in family values, including home-cooked meals.-Guilt trip, the elk member who eats out every night should feel guilty for making the rest of the group look bad, as if that person had no respect for the values the rest of the group tries to convey.

    15.Sure, I’ve heard that it’s better to not eat cheeseburgers every day, but it’s extra protein and protein is good for you.-"Argument from popularity, everyone knows protein is good for you, so they are using this to rationalize out and justify eating anything with protein instead of looking at the over all nutrional content of the cheeseburger.

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    dds

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    It takes someone with a really big heart to give our charity, and you seem like someone who cares more than most.

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  • Critical Thinking - ,

    Fallacy Type Fallacy Statement
    Ad hominem/genetic 9. My friend, who goes to college in another state, said girls from that sorority are mean. That girl we just met, Tracy, is from the same sorority, so I don’t trust her.


    Wishful thinking 2. On a radio ad: “Have you been fatigued, irritable, moody? If these symptoms are ignored, you might become depressed or even suicidal! Ward off the blues by taking a pill proven to cheer you up. Millions of people have, and they’re glad they did!”



    “Argument” from popularity 15. Sure, I’ve heard that it’s better to not eat cheeseburgers every day, but it’s extra protein and protein is good for you.





    Hasty generalizing 11. From one mom to another: “I can’t believe Shelia lets her kids watch that garbage! I always knew she wasn’t very strict. Now our kids will be over there watching that junk, too!”


    “Argument” from outrage 14. It’s disgraceful that a member of the Elks Lodge would go out to fast food restaurants every night. The Elks believe in family values, including home-cooked meals.



    Straw man 8. From one politician about another: “He’s a two-faced, liberal, anti-family, anti-values idealist!”



    Post hoc 13. If it weren’t for the president’s environmental policy, we wouldn’t be dealing with these environmental catastrophes.



    Red herring/smokescreen 10. From a teenager confronted by his parent about breaking curfew: “Why do we have to keep harping on this curfew thing? Let’s talk about that A grade I’m getting in algebra.”



    Group think 12. From a conspiracy theorist: “Come on, everyone knows that the government has lied to us in the past. This case isn’t any different.”

    Scare tactics 4. You’re going out with Carron? Well, she’s a nice person, but I hear her last relationship was a wreck! I’d be careful if I were you.



    Poisoning the well 7. I don’t care if she is the top psychiatrist in the state! Her theory on sibling rivalry is extreme. How can we believe anything she says if she subscribes to theories of that nature?


    Apple polishing 1. It takes someone with a really big heart to give to our charity, and you seem like someone who cares more than most.



    Guilt trip 6. Stomachache or not, how could you not eat your dinner after I spent all that time making it!




    Perfectionist fallacy 5. About an already-attractive home interior: “I don’t know why we started this home renovation if we’re only doing two of the rooms. Either way, it won’t look right unless we redo the entire house.”



    Inconsistency ad hominem 3. From a study group member: “I just don’t get it. One minute she says she’s coming, and then the next, she calls to cancel. I wonder if we can trust that the articles she submitted are what we need!”

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    why do you provide students with answers? that's cheating, and they will never learn anything.

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    I was confused and over whelmed, now I truly understand.
    the teacher would not have corrected my wrong answers
    he would have just graded me therefor I would have not learned just been penalized
    thank you wendy

    ps. keiana argument would hold more water if wendy had just given answer like A,C, B, but she took time to explain why
    I have used school tutars before and know one accused us of cheating

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    Wendy, I want to thank you so much for helping me to break down these fallacies. It has been so difficult for me to understand them even though I have spent numerous hours in the bathtub with tons of printed self help materials. You helped me to see the reasoning in order to aquire the answer.

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    Be careful I used answers and god an F

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    I am with all of you, I stumbled upon this site, and almost felt guilty, but we need to "get" it,,,not just get an "F" on an assignment! Thank you so much for all of the explanations!

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    Posting assignments from University of Phoenix or Axia College on a public web site without permission from copyright owner is a violation of copyright laws. Also, cheating is totally unacceptable.

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    Wendy- Just wanted to say Thank You! I have been killing myself over these fallacies. I totally do not get them, but with your explanations it at least makes some sense to me now.

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    I just wanted to say thank you to Wendy also I was really having a problem with these Fallacies but you helped me really understand.The notes just confused me more. Thank you really!!!!!!!!

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