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Chem II Oxidation Reduction

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I2 + KIO3 + HCl ----> KCl + ICl

Ok, this is my thinking . . . .

I^+5 + 4e^- -----> I^+1
Cl^-1 +1e^- -----> 2Cl^-1

I know that this is wrong, because the e^- are all on the same side. What am I doing wrong?

  • Chem II Oxidation Reduction -

    The I in I2 is zero and it changes to +1 on the right.
    The I in KIO3 is +5 and it goes to +1 on the right.
    The easiest way to do this is to set up two half equations.
    I2 ==> 2ICl
    IO3^- ==> ICl
    Balance those two, multiply by the appropriate numbers, add them, then cancel anything common to both sides.

  • Chem II Oxidation Reduction -

    Ok, here is my equation on this one.

    I2 -----> I^+1 + 1e-
    4e- + I^+5 ----> I^+1

    4(I2 ----> I^+1 +1e-)
    4e- +I^5 ----> I^+1

    on this problem, the e- balance, but when I start trying to balance the equation, I am not getting the same amount of I or Cl on each side. I can add H^+ or OH- or H2O, but I don't think I can add more elements. Please help me!

  • Chem II Oxidation Reduction -

    I would do it this way.
    I2 ==> 2ICl
    IO3^- ==> ICl
    You CAN add ions if they are spectator ions (they don't change oxidation state) and you want a molecular equation instead of an ionic equation.
    For I2 ==> 2ICl
    I2 is zero on the left: +1 on the right(for each) or +2 for both. (That's the first mistake you made). Now we add electrons.

    I2 ==> 2ICl + 2e

    Now I would add the Cl^- like so.
    I2 + 2Cl^- ==> 2ICl + 2e
    Adding 2Cl^- is the only way to get them into the equation.

    Charge on left is -2 (from 2Cl^-) and on the right is -2 (from 2e) and this half is balanced.

    The other one is the following and you need to do it. Here is what you should get.
    6H^+ + 4e + Cl^- + IO3^- ==> ICl + 3H2O

    Following those steps I wrote in the previous problem will get these things done almost every time. I have found, through the years, one or two that I've had trouble with when I use this method.

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