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March 26, 2017

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A calorimeter consists of an interior metal bomb (container) surrounded by 2.22 kg of water all contained within an insulated exterior wall. A sample of propane, C3H8, weighing 6.89g, was burned in the calorimeter with excess oxygen. As a result of the combustion, the interior temperature rose from 23.61*C to 26.88*C. It can be assumed that there is no heat loss to the exterior wall nor to the surroundings. The heat capacity of the metal bomb and contents is 337 cal/*C. The specific heat of water at 25*C is 0.998 cal/g*C. Calculate the following. A) The change in temperature [26.88*C-23.61*C=3.27*C] B)The heat absorbed by the water in calories. [Q=delta T(m)(Csp)… (3.27*C)[(2.22kg)(1000g/kg)](0.998cal/g*C)=7.24x10^3 cal] C)The heat absorbed by the metal bomb and contents in calories [(3.27*C)(337 cal/*C)=1.10x10^3 cal] D) The total heat absorbed by the calorimeter in calories [7.24x10^3 cal + 1.10x10^3 cal= 8.34x10^3 cal] E) The moles of propane burned [6.89 g C3H8 x 1mol/ (3*12.01 + 8*1.008)gC3H8 = .156 mol C3H8] F)The heat of combustion of propane in kcal/mol. G)The heat of combustion of propane in kJ/mol

Can you check parts a through e? I'm not sure if I did them correctly. I don't know how to do parts f and g. Thanks for the help!

  • chemistry - ,

    I didn't work through the math but your solutions seem ok to me. For part f, heat of combustion from part D divided by 0.156 mol propane will give you cal/mol. Change that to kcal/mol. For part g, the easiest way is to convert cal to joules. There are 4.184 joules in 1 calorie, then redo the procedure in part f but use joules/mol and change to kJ/mol.

  • chemistry (additional question) - ,

    I'm not sure if I am suppose to add a negative one of the parts. Should both the heat absorbed by the water and heat absorbed by the metal bomb be positive? I thought a temperature increase means an exothermic reaction. It would be great if you could clarify this for me. Thanks for the help!

  • chemistry - ,

    The combustion of propane IS an exothermic reaction. The heat produced by it heats the water and it heats the calorimeter; therefore, both of the heats absorbed (one by the water and the other by the calorimeter) must be added. The total heat absorbed by the two equals the total heat given off by the combustion. So the combustion is exothermic; the absorption by the water and container are endothermic. You may add a negative sign to part f and g as is done in the site below showing delta H/g for heats of combustion.
    http://www.webmo.net/curriculum/heat_of_combustion/heat_of_combustion_key.html

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