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Calc.

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I am so confused with this last part of the unit! What in the world is going on: Use normal vectors to determine the interaction, if any, for each of the following pairs of planes. Give a geometric interpretation in each case and the number of solutions for the corresponding system of linear equations. If the planes intersect in a line, determine a vector equation of the line. (Note, you don't have to answer all three, just one would be great, so I can see what you did).
a.) x + 2y + 3z = −4
2x + 4y + 6z = 10

b.)2x − y + 2z = −8
4x − 2y + 4z = −16

c.) x + 3y − 5z = −12
2x + 3y − 4z = −6

  • Calc. - ,

    for the first one, did you notice that the normals are
    (1,2,3) and (2,4,6) or 2(1,2,3) ?
    so the normals are parallel, which means that the planes are parallel.
    Does that make sense? OK!
    But the constants are -4 and 10 which are not in the same ratio as 1:2:3 to 2:4:6

    So the first question represents two parallel and distinct planes.

    For the second one, did you notice that multiplying the first equation by 2 gives you the second equation?
    So the two equations actually represent the same plane

  • Calc. - ,

    For the third one, the two normals are not scalar multiples of each other, so the two planes are not parallel.
    They must therefore intersect in a straight line.
    (Think of two pages of an open book intersecting in the spine of the book)

    subtract the first equation from the second to get
    x+z=6

    now let's pick any value for z

    z=0, then x = 6 and from the first equation y=-6

    z=6, then x=0 and from the first equation y = 6

    So we now have two points (0,6,6) and (6,-6,0) which lie on the line of intersection.
    notice the two points satisfy both plane equations.

    That means we can find the direction vector of our line which is (6,-12,-6) or reduced to (1,-2,-1)

    So now we have the direction of our line and a point on the line.

    Then a possible equation of the line in vector form is

    vector r = (0,6,6) + t(1,-2,-1)

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