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March 25, 2017

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When a sentence is in passe compose, which has an auxiliary verb, and it also has an infinitive. Where does the direct or indirect pronoun go? Infront of the auxiliary verb or the infinitive?

  • french - ,

    Thank you for using the Jiskha Homework Help Forum. It's always best to give an example so we know we are answering y our specific question.

    You need to decide if the object pronouns go with the infinitive or the passé composé.

    I have no idea if you are the one I explained about the placement of object-pronouns or not. Let me see if I can find it.

    Mme

  • french - ,

    P.S. Here is part of that explanation:

    Personal object pronouns, direct and indirect, are placed immediately before the verbs of which they are the object (except in affirmative commands). In the affirmative imperative only , the object pronoun is placed directly after the verb and linked to it by a hyphen. The pronouns "me" and "te" change to "moi" and "toi" after the verb.

    The verbs écouter (listen TO), regarder (look AT), chercher (look FOR), attendre (wait FOR), demander (ask FOR) and payer (pay FOR) take a direct object in French.

    The verbs répondre (answer), obéir(obey) and désobéir (disobey) take an indirect object in French.

    Reminder: Past participles of verbs conjugated with avoir and of reflexive verbs (with être) agree in gender and number with the preceding direct object (if there is on e).

    Try SEARCH for French and eventually you'll find the posts having to do with object pronouns.

    They come before the verb, EXCEPT in the affirmative imperative. The ORDER is:
    me
    te, le (l') lui
    se > la (l') > leur > y > en VERB
    nous les
    vous

    Order after the verb, in Affirmative Imperative:
    -moi
    VERB -le -toi
    -la > -lui > y > en
    -les -nous
    -vous
    -leur

    Simply MEMORIZE those 2 charts!

    As mentioned in the earlier post, please post specific examples so I know exactly what you are referring to.

    Mme

  • french - ,

    P.P.S. Perhaps you mean something like the following:

    Il est allé lui téléphoner. = He went to phone him.

    Je lui ai enseigné à le faire. = I taught him/her to do it.

    Nous l'avons remercié de nous avoir aidés. = We thanked him/her for having helped us.

    Mme

  • french - ,

    Yes, i meant like
    Elle n'est pas allee chercher le journal.

    Does "le" go infront of auxiliary verb-est, or infront of the infinitive-chercher?

    Elle ne l'est pas allee chercher.
    or
    Elle n'est pas allee le chercher.

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