November 25, 2015

Homework Help: Anthropology

Posted by Roseline on Saturday, May 24, 2008 at 7:03pm.

Instructions: create a chart of Pre history by arranging the characteristics listed below into the cultural periods of Prehistory, oldest at the bottom and most recent at the top, as follows: Lower Paleolithic at the bottom, then middle Paleolithic, upper Paleolithic and finally Neolithic at the top. List characteristics with their numbers from original pf 40 in numerical order in each period.

1. The first evidence for use of fire dates from near the end of this period. Lower Paleolithic
2. Mousterian tool industry in Europe and the Near East. Middle Paleolithic
3. Big game hunting as a way of life reaches its highest level of development with communal hunts and evidence for some increase in human populations. Paleolithic
4. Weaving develops as a domestic craft.
5. Economic surpluses support public megalithic architecture. Neeolithic
6. Humans eventually evolve by the end of this period up to early Homo spiens all the way from early habilis forms. Lower Paleolithic
7. In Europe Cro-Magnon man (early modern sapiens) replaces Neanderthals ushering in this period. Upper Paleolithic
8. Local cultures differentiate and adjust to environmental changes following the Paleistocence. Lower Paleolithic
9. Bone and Antler harpoons and other complex tools are part of a diversified tool kit. Lower and middle Paleolithic
10. Trade develops along established routes linking permanent settlements.
11. Homo erectus appears and develops.
12. Population takes a dramatic increase because of economic development leading eventually to life in true cities
13. Early (archaic) forms of sapiens and/or proto-sapiens, depending on interpretation, appear and develop. Paleolithic
14. Ground stone tools industry marks the start of this period in Africa.
15. Archaic cultures replace Palo-Indian culture in North America.
16. Oldowan tool industry marks the start of this period in Africa. Early lower Paleolithic
17. Evidence of cultism involving the collection and arrangement the cave bear bones.
18. The bow and arrow invented in the previous period is used extensively in a forest hunting adaptation. Upper Mesolithic
19. Microliths from broken blades and hafted (attached to handles or shafts) are a characteristic tool form.
20. Pebble chopper-chopping tools evolve into hand axes in Africa and continue without evolving into hand axes in Asia. Upper Paleolithic
21. Cave paintings as magico-religious aid to hunting. Lower and Upper Paleolithic
22. Sedentary village life develops and becomes widespread in some areas.
23. The dog is the first animal domesticated, probably as an aid in hunting. Mesolithic
24. Domesticated plants and animals provide the techno-economic foundation for this period.
25. Evidence suggests abstract thought, but anatomically modern complex speech and language might not have been completely possible.
26. Neanderthals become adapted to the colder climate in Europe and are successful. Middle Paleolithic
27. Pottery making develops as a domestic craft. Neolithic
28. Boats and sleds are developed as improvements in transportation. Neolithic
29. Homo habilis evolves into Homo erectus forms. Lower Paleolithic
30. First purposeful burial of the dead with “grave goods” (artifacts buried with dead).
31. Robust Australopithecenes (Paranthropus) survive for some time beside early Homo, and then disappear.
32. Long blade tools from a prepared core are the characteristic tool form, many times reworked and reshaped for a variety of specific purposes. Upper Paleolithic
33. A scavenging way of life evolves into effective hunting and gathering. Paleolithic
34. High status individuals are buried in publicly constructed tombs. Neolithic
35. Hand axes are a characteristics tool form in Africa and the Near East. Lower Paleolithic
36. Grinding stones used to process wild grass seeds in an early Natufian adaptation.
37. The spear thrower (atlatl) is invented and gives an advantage to the hunter in big game hunting. Lower Paleolithic
38. Flake tools from prepared cores (Levalloisians) become characteristic tool forms. Lower Paleolithic
39. Australia and America receive their first inhabitants in significant numbers.
40. Acheulian tool industry first appears and develops. Lower paleolithic

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