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Baluchistan is currently the center of attention of many decision makers of foreign policy in Islamabad, Pakistan. Projects, such as the Gwadar deep sea port, Mirami dam, coastal highway and oil and gas exploration activities are part of Pakistani government decisions makers development agenda for Baluchistan (Grare 2). These development projects, however, have sparked tension between Baluch people and the federal government (Akhtar 73). Baloch people feel that the development projects will only benefit Pakistan and the neighboring and regional countries and thus undermine the Baloch territory (Gare 4).

After 1945, during the disintegration of colonialism, new formed established states in Asia and Africa declared their independence. As a result, these newly formed states established border that had been previously drawn to accommodate the political and administrative interests of the colonial power (Hurrf & Gurr 21). Hence, Baluchistan territory was among the territory that was divided into the new independent states of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran (Harrison 55).

In 1947, Pakistan declared its independence, which included the territory of Baluchistan. This discharged Baluch nationalists’ desire for autonomy. However, the Islamabad government had different plans; they seek to assimilate Baluch identity into Pakistani identity (Harrison 55). Since then the Pakistani government of Islamabad has come into conflict with the Baluch on four different occasions, in 1948, 1958, 1960 and the most brutal on confrontation in 1973 to 1977 (Harrison 55).

  • english/please revise -

    Looks good, except you need a comma after activities.

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