Tuesday

July 29, 2014

July 29, 2014

Posted by **Chelsea** on Wednesday, April 16, 2008 at 7:40pm.

Answer: =??? us

- Physics -Relativity -
**Count blis**, Wednesday, April 16, 2008 at 9:16pmThe muon does not have a fixed lifetime, it just has a fixed probability to decy per unit time. The mean lifetime of the muon is 2.197 micro seconds in the rest frame of the muon.

Suppose that the muon decays after T = 2.197 microseconds in its rest frame. To compute how much time this is for the observer, you can use the formula for distances in Space-Time which generalizes Pythagoras's theorem:

S^2 = (distance in time)^2 - (distance in space)^2

S is the space time-distance between two points in space-time. Distance in time is defined as the speed of light times the time difference. It does not matter in which coordinate system you evaluate it (similarly when you compute the distance between two points using Pythagoras the answer does not depend on which coordinate system you use to compute that distance).

Let's evaluate S^2 between the space-time points where the muon starts and where it decays. In the frame of the muon, only the muon's time coordinate changes. So we find:

S^2 = c^2 T^2

If we evaluate S^2 in the frame ogf the observer, then

S^2 = c^2 T'^2 - V^2 T'^2

Here T' is the time it takes for the muon to decay according to the observer. Since both computations for S^2 must yield the same answer, you find:

c^2 T'^2 - V^2 T'^2 = c^2 T^2 ----->

T' = T/sqrt(1-v^2/c^2)

- Physics -Relativity -
**Count blis**, Wednesday, April 16, 2008 at 9:17pmv is the speed of 0.7 c

- Physics -Relativity -
**Tuttifrutti**, Friday, April 18, 2008 at 4:26pmI am trying to answer this question too, but plugging in doesnt work. Can you tell me what numbers were used to answer this? Observed lifetime in microseconds is what is wanted, i am probably doing this wrong.

**Related Questions**

chem - Among the elementary subatomic particles of physics is the muon, which ...

Physics - When you approach a blinking source of light, the frequency of its ...

physics - An interstellar ship has a mass of 1.20 X10^6 kg and is initially at ...

college physics - Which of the following statements about special relativity is ...

physics - The average lifetime of muons at rest is 2.20 us. A laboratory ...

physics - A box is cubical with sides of proper lengths L1=L2=L3=2.0m when ...

physics - Suppose the time taken for light to bounce to and fro between the ...

physics - An interstellar ship has a mass of 1.20 X10^6 kg and is initially at ...

physics - An observer uses a 10 sided mirror to measure the speed of light. A ...

college physics - a) A light-rail commuter train accelerates at a rate of 1.25 m...