Thank you for using the Jiskha Homework Help Forum. The verb jugar = to play, is a stem-changing verb in 4/6 forms:
P.S. Just post your questions here!
P.S. In the Present Indicative Tense, there are 3 possible English translations.
juego = I play, I DO play, I AM playING
P.P.S. Now that I have more time, I can explain the WHY of the stem changes! Any word, without a written accent mark follows this rule of pronunciation. If it ends in a consonant, other than -n or -s, the stress naturally falls on the next-to-last syllable. Example: mu-CHA-cho.
If it ends in a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) or the consonant -n or -s, the stress naturally falls on the last syllable. Example: ju-GAR.
Following that rule, the "yo" form MUST be pronounced on the next-to-last syllable. Sound out "JU-go" if there is no stem-change. That is the word for "juice!" So, the "o" changes to "ue" to give it more strength = JUE-go. The nosotros/vosotros forms end in -s so the stress naturally falls on ju-GA-mos, ju-GA-is. In other words, those two forms are spelled like the infinitive: ju-GAR (juGAmos, juGAis)
Other -ar verbs that function just like "jugar" = acordarse (de) - to remember
acostarse = to go to bed
almorzar = to eat lunch
contar = to count, to relate, to tell
costar = to cost
encontrar = to find, to meet
mostrar = to show
recordar = to remember
renovar = to remodel, to renew
tronar = to thunder
volar = to fly
Thank you very much. I also am trying to learn the verb form of quere. Can you help me with that? Thanks,