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However, for both Corwin and Neustadt the fundamental issue is assessing the presidency and the proper and legitimate range of powers available to the president. Neustadt looked not to the Constitution or statutes to understand presidential behavior, but to the foundation of informal presidential power: public prestige and attempts to lead public opinion, professional reputation and style, congressional relations and legislative strategies, decision-making styles, and bargaining skills (119).
According to Neustadt a president derives from his reputation and prestige in Washington, and the country (p119). Because the constitutional authority does not guarantee other political actors cooperation to achieve the president’s goals, Neustadt suggests that the president is then required to “influence” those around him with persuasion and bargaining to achieve his goal (p.119-120). The president cannot simply command and receive. In fact, Neustadt argued that when a president gets his way by force, it is normally a "painful last resort, a forced response to the exhaustion of other remedies, suggestive less of mastery than of failure--the failure of attempts to gain an end by softer means” (p.120). An executive order or other legal device, as an instrument of formal authority, does not by itself cause action. With the separation of powers, Nesutadt contains that, other levels of government have different constituencies and different interest. The president must then bargain and persuade others that what he wants is in their best interest (p.120).

  • English/ help revise - ,

    I cannot help you with content, but here are some mechanical things that need fixing:

    However, for both Corwin and Neustadt<~~add comma the fundamental issue is assessing the presidency and the proper and legitimate range of powers available to the president. Neustadt looked not to the Constitution or statutes to understand presidential behavior, but to the foundation of informal presidential power: public prestige and attempts to lead public opinion, professional reputation and style, congressional relations and legislative strategies, decision-making styles, and bargaining skills (119).
    According to Neustadt<~~add comma a president derives<~~derives what? You need a direct object here. from his reputation and prestige in Washington, and the country (p119).<~~delete the "p" Because the constitutional authority does not guarantee other political actors<~~possessive plural; what do you need to add? cooperation to achieve the president’s goals, Neustadt suggests that the president is then required to “influence”<~~Don't use quotation marks for emphasis; use bold for that purpose. those around him with persuasion and bargaining to achieve his goal (p.119-120).<~~delete "p." The president cannot simply command and receive. In fact, Neustadt argued that when a president gets his way by force, it is normally a "painful last resort, a forced response to the exhaustion of other remedies, suggestive less of mastery than of failure--the failure of attempts to gain an end by softer means” (p.120).<~~delete "p." An executive order or other legal device, as an instrument of formal authority, does not by itself cause action. With the separation of powers, Nesutadt contains that,<~~delete comma other levels of government have different constituencies and different interest<~~shouldn't this be plural?. The president must then bargain and persuade others that what he wants is in their best interest (p.120).<~~delete "p."

    Other teachers may have more to add about content revision, if needed.

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