Posted by Anonymous on Thursday, February 21, 2008 at 11:21pm.
H = d tan0
tan0 = H/d = 500 ft/10,560 ft = .04735
0 = 2.71 degrees
"0" was supposed to be the symbol theta in my previous post
I want to expand drwls' reply.
First, convert 2 miles to feet.
If 1 mile = 5280, then 2 miles = 10,560 feet.
Secondly, you must re-arrange the given formula because we are looking for an angle NOT height or distance on ground.
Let t = theta FOR SHORT.
tan(t) = 500ft/2 miles
tan(t) = 500ft/10,560ft
tan(t) = 0.047348485
Since we are looking an an angle, you must use the tangent invere key on your calculator. By the way, you must ALWAYS use the inverse key when searching for a trig function. I will do this in just a minute.
Before dealing with the angle itself, the decimal number 0.047348485 must be rounded to the nearest hundred- thousandths; it becomes 0.04735.
We now have:
tan(t) = 0.04735 We take the tangent inverse of the right side of the equation.
NOTE: tan^-1 is read: "tangent inverse" NOT tangent to the negative one. Is this clear?
t = tan^-1(0.04735)
t = 2.71 degrees
NOTE: I rounded 2.710843763 to the nearest hundreths and the answer became 2.71 degrees. This is what drwls did without going into detail.
I think detail is vital when tutoring online.
Done!