Tuesday

July 22, 2014

July 22, 2014

Posted by **alisia*** on Monday, February 11, 2008 at 6:04pm.

x^10+x^5+1(please)

p.s. i need to explain this on the hw

- factoring -
**mk-tintin**, Monday, February 11, 2008 at 6:10pmtry to solve this equation with X=x^5

so u have x^10+x^5+1--->> X²+X+1

and it's much easier to solve this equation

- factoring -
**mk-tintin**, Monday, February 11, 2008 at 6:19pmso do u succeed??

- factoring -
**Count Iblis**, Monday, February 11, 2008 at 8:35pmAs mk-tintin explained, you first solve the equation:

X²+X+1 = 0 --->

X = -1/2 +- 1/2 sqrt(3) i. We can write this as:

X = cos(4/3 pi) +- i sin(4/3 pi) (+- sign reversed relative to previous expression)

This can be written in exponential form as:

X = exp(+- 4/3 pi i)

The next step is to compute the five solutions of x^5 = X:

x = exp(+- 4/15 pi i + 2/5 n pi i)

for n = 0, 1,...,4 or some other range of five.

So we have ten solutions in total, let's denote them by w1, w2, ..., w10. Then:

x^10+x^5+1 = (x-w1)(x-w2)...(x-w10)

Finally, you want to rewrite the right hand side in terms of real factors only. To do this,

you exploit the fact that the roots of a polynomial with real coefficients come in pairs

that are related under complex conjugation. The two factors corresponding to two

such roots can be multiplied to yield a real quadratic factor. In this case we can use:

(x - exp(4/15 pi i + 2/5 n pi i))(x - exp(-4/15 pi i - 2/5 n pi i)) =

x^2 - 2 cos[(4/15 + 2/5 n) pi] x + 1

So, the factorization can be written as:

x^10+x^5+1 = (x^2 - 2 cos(4/15 pi) x + 1)(x^2 -2 cos(2/3 pi) x + 1)

(x^2 - 2 cos(16/15 pi) x + 1)(x^2 - 2 cos(22/15 pi) x + 1)(x^2 - 2 cos(28/15 pi) x + 1)

Now, we aren't finished yet, because each of the cosine terms can be simplified:

cos(4/15 pi) = 1/8 [1-sqrt(5)] + 1/4 sqrt{2/3 [5 + sqrt(5)]}

cos(2/3 pi) = - 1/2

cos(16/15 pi) = 1/8 [1-sqrt(5)] - 1/4 sqrt{2/3 [5 + sqrt(5)]}

cos(22/15 pi) = 1/8 [1+sqrt(5)] - 1/4 sqrt{2/3 [5 - sqrt(5)]}

cos(4/15 pi) = 1/8 [1+sqrt(5)] + 1/4 sqrt{2/3 [5 - sqrt(5)]}

- factoring -
**JSS**, Monday, February 11, 2008 at 9:30pmok, i think i get it now. thank you!

- factoring -
**alicia***, Monday, February 11, 2008 at 9:32pmi got it. thanks a lot*

**Related Questions**

Math - Factor 3y^2z-5yz-9y^2+30y-25 I can't seem to figure this one out... Give ...

Quick math help - In which step below does a mistake first appear in simplifying...

Geometry Question plz help - Could someone please explain how to figure this out...

Algebra - 4x^4-18x^2=0. I have to find out what x equals by factoring. What I ...

Algebra help - f(x)=x^3-4x^2-x+4 How do I find the x-intercept for this? This is...

maths - for this equation x^2 - x = 0 would x = 1 i think this is the answer but...

Algebra 1--Step-by-Step - Can someone show me how to solve these step-by-step? ...

MATH-ALGEBRA - What's the slope-intercept equation of line which is parallel to ...

chemistry - This question I really don't get it. I tried tried tried to figure ...

Calculus - Solve the IVP {y'=-(sinx)y + xexp(cosx) y(0) = 1 Please show me step ...