For the present progressive, conjugate the verb "estar" to agree with your subject. That is followed by the present participle of the verb.
The forms of estar are: (yo) estoy, (tú) estás, (él, ella, Ud.) está, (nosotros) estamos, y (ellos, ellas, Uds.) están.
The present participles are formed by...
-ar verbs: add -ando to the stem
hablar -> hablando
-er & -ir verbs: add -iendo to the stem
comer -> comiendo
vivir -> viviendo
Estoy mirando la television.
I am watching the television.
I am speaking.
Juan está comiendo.
John is eating.
María está escribiendo una carta.
Mary is writing a letter.
Thank you for using the Jiskha Homework Help Forum. In addition to Michael's help, here is some additional information.
Verbs ending in -yendo
caer = cayendo
creer = creyendo
leer = leyendo
oír = oyendo
traer = trayendo
Irregular Verbs in the
Gerund (-ndo form)
decir = diciendo
dormir = durmiendo
morir = muriendo
pedir = pidiendo
sentir = sintiendo
venir = viniendo
ir = yendo
poder = pudiendo
Uses of the Gerund (Present Participle)
1. It is used with the verbs: estar (most often), seguir, continuar and verbs of motion, to stress the fact that an event is (or was, or will be) in progress or is continuing at the moment ndicated.
2. The gerunds of estar, ir, and venir are not used to form the progressive tenses. Instead the simple tenses are used (viene = is coming)
3. The Spanish gerund is often the 3quivalent of "by + an English present participle."
Viajando, se aprende mucho = By traveling, one learns much. (a lot)
Estudiando, saldrás bien en los exámenes = By studying, you will pass the examinations.
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