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March 29, 2017

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The higher the energy level occupied by an electron in the hydrogen atom, the larger the atom. The diameter of the atom is proportional to n2, where n=1 labels the lowest, or “ground” state, n=3 is the third state, and so on. If the atom’s diameter is 1x10-10m in its lowest energy state, what is its diameter in state number 50? How many unexcited atoms could be fit within this one giant atom?

  • physics - ,

    diameter=1E-10*50^2 according to the problem statement.


    numberunexcited=volumeexcited/volumeunexcited.


    V=4/3 PI radius^3

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