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Early Child Ed.

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Would you please check these questions and my answers?

1.Research indicates a child's
development of prejudice occurs
as an interaction of which:

A) cognitive development and positive
ideas about particular groups in
the child's social environment.

B) thought processes and rule-
development notions about the
child's social experiences.

C) cognitive development and negative
attitudes toward persons in the
immediate millieu.

D) cognitive processes and pro-social
patterns that adults model.

2. If a seven-year-old is asked,
"Who are you?" and his responses
are "Jeremy Smith," "an African-
American," and "a U.S. citizen,"
it might be indicative of:

A) hiearchical thinking

B) a gifted child

C) a self-selected identity preference.

D) effective training in the home to
nurture self-esteem and racial pride.

Here are my answers,please let me know
if they are wrong.

1.(C) cognitive development and
negative attitudes toward
persons in theimmediate millieu

2.(A) hierarchical thinking

  • Early Child Ed. - ,

    I disagree your first answer.

    1. In my experience, young children become prejudiced as they model the adults around them (D). For example, we moved to a new city when my oldest daughter, Sandy, was starting 3rd grade. She chattered a lot about her new friends, especially Pam. In December, we met Pam and her mother in the local grocery store. Sandy had told me a lot about Pam -- but hadn't mentioned that Pam is African-American (we're white). Obviously, it wasn't important to Sandy -- and I doubt if the racial differences even crossed her mind.

    2. You may be right for this one. But I think it also shows effective training in the home (D).

    You might want to check this site and your text.

  • Early Child Ed. - ,

    On question 1 _--- my text states:

    What is clear is that the development of
    children's prejudice results from the
    interaction between the natural processes of cognitive development related to the formation of categories and search for rules and regularities in the world,as well as the child's
    absorption of negtive attitudes toward certain categories or groups of people present in the child's social environment.

    Would question 1 be:

    (C) cognitive development and negative
    attitudes toward persons in the
    immediate millieu


    (D) cognitive processes and pro-social
    patterns that adults model.

    On question 2(I read the site you suggested) Here is what my text states:

    By age seven,children are well-aware
    that gender and skin color stay the same as they grow older. They understand that many of their own features come from their parents,
    and they are aware of their own ethnic
    identity. Cognitively,they use heirarchical thinking to understand they
    can be a member of several different groups simultaneously,such as a family,
    a classroom,an ethnic group,a religion,
    a city,at state,and so forth. As a result of the group affliation,children
    at this age typically express preference for other children of their own race or ethnicity. Racial or ethnic
    identity is significantly stronger in minority children. When white children are asked the question "Who are you?"
    they usually give their name. Minority
    children respond with their enthnicity
    such as "I am an African-American,much
    more than will white children.
    Between seven and nine years of age, children become more aware of the world around them,of things that happened in the past,and of what might happen in the future.This is a good developmental
    period in which to begin talking about
    the cultural history and heritage of different groups and of people from different countries.
    Another critical cognitive achievement
    at this age is the ability to talk about feelings and to understand things from another person's perspective.
    This perspective-taking ability allows the development of empathy. During this stage,parents and teachers play a major role in rethinking and finalizing
    children's values and beliefs.
    After the age of nine,children's attitudes toward race are resistant to
    change. During the earlier preoperational phase, the limits on children's cognitive abilities make them vunerable to societal and family influences on their attitudes toward differences. Teachers have a responsibility to meditate and limit
    these influences as much as possible during this developmental period.
    Then,once the child's thinking becomes better able to handle the complex issues of racial and ethnic identity,by age seven, he or she is able to develop ways of categorizing and understanding human diversity without prejudice.

    So, would question 2 be :

    (A) hierarchical thinking


    (D) effective training in the home
    to nurture self-esteem and racial

    Thank you for your time and help!

  • Early Child Ed. - ,

    Your text makes it clear that C is the best answer for number 1.

    After reading your text, I've changed my mind and believe that A is the best answer for number 2.

    Sorry I misled you, but thanks for citing your text to clarify these answers.

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