posted by Jaclyn on .
You jump from the end of a diving board that is 3 meters above the water. You spring upward from the end of the board with an initial velocity of 5 m/s. How long are you in the air? What is the speed as you hit the water? I need to know the steps in solving the problem. Thanks!
You can do this in various ways. One would be to solve the equation for height y (above the pool) vs. time, for when time t when y = 0
y = 3 + 5 t - (g/2) t^2 = 0
where g = 9.8 m/s^2 is the acceleration of gravity.
This quadratic equation will have two roots. Take the one that is positive. (t>0)
Another way to get the answer is to compute how high the diver gets (ymax), and then add the time spend going up (from y=3m to ymax) and the time spend coming back down to y=0
The time t1 spent going up is given by
g*t1 = 5
t1 = 0.51 s
The maximum height attained is
ymax = 3 + (2.5 m/s)(0.51) = 4.28 m
The time t2 that it takes to come back down from that height is given by
ymax = (g/2) t2^2
t2 = sqrt [2*ymax/g] = 0.93 s
The total time in the air is 0.51 + 0.93 s.
I can't seem to make the quadratic equation work when i put in that equation...help!
I gave you two ways to do the problem. They should give the same answer.
y = -4.9 t^2 + 5t +3 = 0
t = [-5 - sqrt(25 + 4*4.9*3)]/-2(4.9)
= (5 + sqrt83.8)/9.8
= 1.44 s
That agrees with my 0.51 + 0.93 = 1.44 s answer
Note that I only took the - sign in the +/- (b^2 - 4ac) term of the quadratic equation. The other term would have given me a meaningless negative answer for t.