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Carminic acid,a naturally occuring red pigment extracted from the cochineal insect, contains only C,H,and O. It was commonly used as a dye in the first half of the nineteenth century. It is 53.66% C and 4.09% H by mass. A titration of the 0.3602 g sample pf the carminic acid requires 18.02 Ml of 0.0406 M NaOH to neutralize. Assuming there is only 1 acidic hydrogen per molecule, what is the molecular formula of carminic acid?

I know that carminic acid is a monoprotic acid and that I have to find the empirical formula fist then the gram molar weight, but how do I set this problem up in order to solve it? Do I add up the given percentages and then subtract them from 100% to find the percent of O?

  • Chemistry -

    yes on the given percentages, get the empirical formula first. Now determine the mass of the OH, and the moles OH in the base, that is the m oles of H in the acid.

  • Chemistry -

    thanks, this is very helpful!

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