September 23, 2014

Homework Help: math,algebra

Posted by mathstudent05 on Friday, May 25, 2007 at 11:34am.

Can someone help me set this up to solve or what should i do because i have no clue. thanks.

Some scientists believe there is a limit to how long humans can live.* One supporting argument is that
during the last century, life expectancy from age 65 has
increased more slowly than life expectancy from birth, so
eventually these two will be equal, at which point, according to these scientists, life expectancy should increase no further. In 1900, life expectancy at birth was 46 yr, and life
expectancy at age 65 was 76. In 2000, these figures had risen to 76.9 and 82.9, respectively. In both cases, the
increase in life expectancy has been linear. Using these assumptions and the data given, find the maximum life
expectancy for humans.

The problem is based on unfounded assumptions, but that is not the problem.

You have two linear equations, and you are looking for the common point where those lines intersect.

Line1) Expectancy0= 46 + (76.9-46)/100 * year
LIne2) Expectancy65= 76 + (82.9=76)/100 * year

where year is time in years after 1900.
solve to see where expectancy0=expectance65

Can you continue helping me. I am not seeing how to bring out this problem. this is what i had in the beginning:

letting x = # of yrs from 1900 (1900=0 and 2000 = 100)
letting y = yrs of life expected

determining the "from birth" equation

x 1 = 0 ; y 1 = 46
x2 = 100;y2=76.9

i figured out slope to be:
m= (76.9-46)/(100-0)=(30.9)/(100) = 0.309

then by using equation: y-y1=m(x-x1)
y-46=0.309 (x-0)
y=0.309x + 46

then i determine "from age 65" equation
x1=0;y1 = 76
x2= 0.309; y = 82.9
finding slope
m = (82.9-76)/(100-0)=(6.9)/(100)=0.069

then i make it into the format
y-76=0.069 (x-1)

so then by placing both equations in standard form to solve

subtracting eliminating y
x = (-30)/(-0.24)
x= 125 yrs (yr 2025)

Actual age find y

-0.069 (125) - y = 76
-8.625 + y = 76
y=76 +8.625
y=84.625 max age

yes, that is it.

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