Physics - Rotational Mechanics
posted by John on .
The combination of an applied force and a constant frictional force produces a constant total torque of 35.8 Nm on a wheel rotating about a fixed axis. The applied force acts for 5.95 s. During this time the angular speed of the wheel increases from 0 to 9.9 rad/s. The applied force is then removed, and the wheel comes to rest in 59.7 s.
a) Find the moment of inertia of the wheel. Answer in kg*m^2
(b) Find the magnitude of the frictional torque. Answer in N*m
(c) Find the total number of revolutions of the wheel.
(a) If the total torque (applied + friction)is called L,
L = Lappl + Lfric = I * alpha =
alpha is the angular acceleration, which is (9.9 rad/s)/5.95 s= 1.664 rad/sec^2
Solve for the moment of inertia, I.
b). During deceleration (with the applied force off),
alpha' = (9.9 rad/s)/59.7 s = ?
Solve again the equation
Lfric = I * alpha' for the new torque, using the value of alspha' from part (a)
(c) Calculate (add) the total number of revolutions accelerating and decelerating, N1 + N2.
N1*(2 pi) = (1/2) * alpha *(t1)^2
N2*(2 pi) = (1/2) * alpha'*(t2)^2
t1 = 5.95 s
t2 = 59.7 s