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express 20sin theta + 4 cos theta as R sin(theta + alpha)

R sin(theta + alpha) =
R cos(alpha)sin(theta) +
R sin(alpha)cos(theta)


Rcos(alpha) = 20

Rsin(alpha) = 4

The x-y coordinates of a point on a circle of radius R that makes an angle og alpha with the positive x-axis are with radius R are R cos(alpha) and R sin(alpha) respectively.

R follows from:

20^2 + 4^2 = R^2

If you divide the two equations you get tan(alpha)

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