Saturday

April 30, 2016
**6th grade math - statistics**

Can you explain why Q1 = 3.5 and Q3 is 9 out of this dataset 0, 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 7, 7, 8, 10, 12, 12. My answers were: Assuming median would be 7 (using numbers in positions 6 and 7 where 7+7/2 = 7) Q1 dataset would be 0,1,3,4,6; Q1 = 3 Q2 dataset would be 7,8,10,12,12; Q3= 10 ...
*Monday, March 10, 2014 by Alexis*

**6th grade science**

A couple has just learned that their daughter has hemophilia. They already have a son who does not have the disease. What are the genotypes of the couple? I don't know how to do this please help!
*Wednesday, March 5, 2014 by Elina*

**6th grade math**

Mark is alternating sqaure tiles with lengths of 4in and 2 in. along the edge of a 6 foot long wall. If he starts with a 4 in tile and ends with a 2 in tile, how many tiles will he use in all? Draw a diagram to solve.
*Monday, March 3, 2014 by Mary Ellen*

**math 6th grade**

the bridge span is 360 meters long. the bridge is 30 meters shorter than the main span. write and solve an equation to the the length of the main span
*Monday, February 3, 2014 by cam*

**Science - 6th grade: CHECK MY ASNWER**

If changing conditions lead to decreased oxygen levels in the stream, the carrying capacity of the stream for the trout will decrease. Oxygen level in water is therefore a(n) _____________ with respect to the number of trout that a particular stream can support. Is it "...
*Saturday, January 25, 2014 by Elina*

**science**

sound and light prentice hall science Explorer book 6th grade page 15 section 2 assessment 1.c. comparing and contrasting which wave properties are distances? which are measured relative to time
*Thursday, December 12, 2013 by John Dosley*

**math urgent**

what number has the prime factorization of 2 to the 6th power and 5 to the 6th power
*Sunday, November 17, 2013 by Skylar*

**6th grade math**

Can you check these, please? Convert each of the following verbal phrases to algebraic expressions. 1.twice the number plus 16 is 18 Ans: 2x + 16 = 18 2.the quotient of a number and ten more than fourteen is eleven Ans: (10 + 14)/x = 11? or x/10 + 14 = 11?
*Wednesday, October 23, 2013 by Alex*

**6th grade math**

Dante can buy 20 marbles for $1.50. How many marbles can he buy for $27.00? Do you divide &27.00 by $1.50 then multiply that number by 20 to get 360 marbles?
*Tuesday, October 15, 2013 by Chris*

**6th grade math**

When planting trees in a forest, the US Forest Service recommends giving each seedling about 1/200 acre on which to grow. About how many seedlings should be planted in 1/3 of an acre? 1/3 times 200/1?
*Friday, October 11, 2013 by Chris*

**6th grade math**

A bag of fetilizer that weighs 18 3/4 pounds can cover 5000 sq feet. how many pounds of fetilizer will be needed to cover 27,000 square feet? how many bags of fertilizer are needed? explain how you found your answer
*Tuesday, October 8, 2013 by rupa*

**6th grade math**

Rachel completed 3/4 of her cleaning in 4 hours. How many total hours will Rachel spend cleaning? 4 divided by 3/4 4/1x4/3=16/3= 5 1/3 hours Is this correct?
*Sunday, October 6, 2013 by Chris*

**6th Grade Math**

Can you check my answers please? 1. Convert 2 and 3/4 qts to pints. 1 qt = 2 pints (unit ratio = 2/1) 2 and 3/4 x 2/1 = 9/4 x 2/1 = 22/4 = 5 and 1/2 pints 2. A 40-foot power boat is for sale. How long is the boat to the nearest yard? 1 ft = 3yds (unit ratio = 1/3) 40 x 1/3 = ...
*Saturday, October 5, 2013 by Alex*

**6th grade math**

The lasagna recipe requires two pounds of ground beef for ever six cups of tomato sauce. How much beef is necessary if you only have one cup of tomato sauce?
*Tuesday, September 17, 2013 by Chris*

**6th grade math**

At a country concert, the ratio of the number of boys to the number of girls is 2:7. If there are 250 more girls than boys, how many boys are at the concert?
*Friday, September 13, 2013 by Chris*

**6th grade science**

The erosive energy of rivers alters landscapes over periods of millions of years. Which of the following increases a river's rate of erosion? A)low gradient B)high discharge C)small load D)decreased speed
*Wednesday, May 22, 2013 by sheri*

**6th grade math**

How do you do square route i know a little like square route of 9 is 3 but i need more practice with square routes do you know any websites that can help.
*Thursday, May 2, 2013 by Annomynus*

**6th grade grammar**

Put brackets [ ] around the adverb in each of the following sentences. Write how if the adverbs tell how, when if the adverbs tells when, or where if the adverb tell where the action takes place. 1.Her grandmother said, “You cannot wear it now!” Please Help!
*Wednesday, April 10, 2013 by Susan *

**6th Grade Math**

Need help to explain to my daughter: A horsepower is the power needed to lift 33,000 pounds 1 foot in 1 minute. It is equivalent to 746 watts. Express 525 watts as a portion of a horsepower both as a fraction and a decimal rounded to the nearest thousandth. Thanks for anyone&#...
*Tuesday, March 26, 2013 by Rick*

**6th grade math**

Ella and Nico had $250 altogether. If Nico spent $35, he would still have $5 more than Ella. How much money did Ella have?
*Monday, March 25, 2013 by Anonymous*

**6th grade Math**

A sample of 50 people in Harrisburg indicates that 10 people of them know the name of the mayor of their neighboring city. Out of 5, 500 Harrisburgh residents, how many would you expect to know the name of the mayor of the neighboring city?
*Monday, March 25, 2013 by Shane*

**statistics**

The grades on the final examination given in a large organic chemistry class are normally distributed with a mean of 72 and a standard deviation of 8. The instructor of this class wants to assign an “A” grade to the top 10% of the scores, a “B” grade to the...
*Sunday, March 24, 2013 by Sarah*

**Math 6th grade**

I am having trouble with Input output for this problem, I can't figure out the function rule input x= output y= 2 1 3 0 4 -1 Please Help!
*Monday, February 25, 2013 by Faith*

**math **

1:how do you order 3/4 , 7/8 ,and 13/6 from least to greatest. 2:how do you convert 2 2/4 ito an improper fractin. 3:how do you convert 3% into a decimal and how do you convert 4.56 into a percent ... i am in 6th grade by the way and make sure you provide the answer
*Monday, February 18, 2013 by makiya*

**Algebra**

Can you please give me some real life examples of using variables and solving equations. These are 6th grade students and I need to show real-life experiences. Thanks!
*Monday, February 18, 2013 by Renee*

**Algebra**

simplify 9to 6th power times 3 to the 7th power all over 9 to the 8th power times 3 to the 6th power
*Sunday, February 10, 2013 by Katelyn*

**math**

Can someone please show me how to estimate mixed numbers. An exsample like 6 and two thrids times 4 and one fifth. Also estimate by rounding to 0, 1/2, or 1. Exsample...5/8x9/10. I would appreciate any help I am in the 6th grade and me and math are not doing so well.....Thanks!
*Tuesday, February 5, 2013 by Mackenzie*

**6th grade math**

Ok it is 3b-6 over (like a fraction) 2b+3 = 9 over (like a fraction) 4 help!
*Thursday, January 17, 2013 by Alleesha*

**6th grade math**

a model of a park was built on a scale of 1.5 inches to 50 feet if the distance between two trees in the park is 150 feet what is the distance on the model.
*Wednesday, January 9, 2013 by Desire *

**math 6th grade proportions**

Sorry if I may be bugging you,but this homework is veryy hard for me!Karen gets 6 out of every 8 questions on a test correct.If she gets 27 questions correct,how many questions are on the test?
*Monday, December 10, 2012 by Sierra*

**math 6th grade proportions**

Hello,Umm I need Alot of help on this problem:Emma runs for 18 minutes out of the 45 minutes she spends exercising each morning.One morning she spends 70 minutes exercising.If her rates stay the same how many minutes will she spent running>PLEASE HELP A.S.A.P!!!!!!!!
*Monday, December 10, 2012 by Sierra*

**Math help ? confused**

The length of the Boston Marathon is 138,435 ft. Each stride, or step, by a particular runner is 3 ft long. Does the number of strides the runner takes fit evenly into the length of the race? I am lost on this question. Can anyone give me a direction? Do I divide? I am in 6th ...
*Wednesday, December 5, 2012 by Tobi*

**6th grade science**

Which is a method of relative dating? A. examining historical records to determine when a volcano erupted B. using fossils to determine the oldest rock layer in a canyon C. measuring the depth of tree bark D. using radioactive isotopes to calculate the age of a rock I think ...
*Monday, December 3, 2012 by luv history*

**6th grade math**

Can't figure this math problem out: Write an algebraic expression for the product of five less than a number and three, less eight, is twenty-eight. HELP ME PLEASE!!
*Sunday, November 25, 2012 by Nicholas*

**Math 6th Grade**

I have to create a double number line graph and im not sure if i'm doing it right? Jenny can make 10 flower arrangements in 5 minutes. How many arrangements can she make in 6 min? 4 1/2 min? 3 min?. What is the unite rate?
*Wednesday, October 17, 2012 by Brandon*

**6th grade Math**

Action movies make up to 85% of Devon's movie collection if he has 20 movies how many action movies are in Devon's collection? I am not good with story problems!
*Tuesday, October 16, 2012 by Anonymous *

**6th grade math Statistics and Graphs**

If I were to do a survey on how many students have pets in my class should I include the zero amount of kids that didn't have pets in my calcualtion?
*Monday, October 15, 2012 by Billy*

**social studies**

what will obama do for for jobs, education and gun control? i am writing an persuasave essay in 6th grade and i need a fact about what obama will do for jobs education and gun control please make sure the facts are correct and NOT made up!
*Monday, October 15, 2012 by rjr*

**6th grade Math**

Maria is applying for a summer job. Six employees doing the same work earn $8.00, $8.50, $9.00, $9.50, $10.00, and $23.50 per hour. In the interview, the boss tells Maria that the median of the hourly wages is $9.25. Is the boss’s statement misleading? Why or why not?
*Tuesday, October 9, 2012 by Aimee*

**6th grade Math**

I got a problem wrong and I don't know why. Here it is: A highway construction warning sign blinks on and off. In all, the sign is on for 0.88 of each minute. For how many seconds is the sign on in 5 minutes? I multiplied 0.88 x 5 and got 4.40 but it was marked wrong. What...
*Thursday, September 27, 2012 by Nicole*

**6th grade math**

in a pet store, 1/6 of the puppies are black and 1/4 are white. what fraction of the puppies are black or white?
*Wednesday, September 26, 2012 by lisa*

**Math I need help Ms. Sue please answer!**

6th Grade Math: Write 144 as a product of prime factors. Then write the prime factorization using exponents.
*Tuesday, September 25, 2012 by Angelina*

**Math**

The volleyball court -if it id 80 ft long and 50 ft wide, how would you find the dimensions of the court? Explain please! Remember that I am a 6th grader. Please don't give me a 10-12th grade answer.
*Monday, September 24, 2012 by D*

**6th grade science**

Is latitude the up and down lines on a map?Or the side to side lines? Thanks
*Sunday, September 16, 2012 by Allison*

**6th grade science**

A topographic map would be most useful for which activity? A. locating the name of the road where your friend lives B. finding out how much rainfall your town receives each year C. finding the highest point in your city D. determining what kind of soil is in a nearby park
*Sunday, September 16, 2012 by some girl*

**math**

Mr burr the head custodian is working on putting new numbers on 42 of the 81 classroom doors. He found two numbers for the 23rd door he was working on in the 6th grade hallway whose sum is 35 and their product is 306. What are the two numbers?
*Tuesday, September 4, 2012 by fred*

**language arts 6th grade**

i need help finding the questions for the story ALL SUMMER IN A DAY questions 1-5 think through the litature. i dont know if i spelt that right but i just need help ms.sue
*Friday, August 31, 2012 by yes*

**6th grade math**

Cameron is making bead necklaces. Hehas 90 green beads Nd 108 blue beads. what is the greatest number of identical necklace es he can make if he wants to use all the beads
*Wednesday, August 8, 2012 by tina*

**Math Problem ( 6th grade math)**

Brandon tosses a coin 500 times. The coin lands on tails 320 times. A: What is the experamental probability of getting heads? B: Is the coin fair or unfair? Explain you answer.
*Wednesday, May 16, 2012 by Anna*

**6th grade math**

Please check to make sure I did these correctly, so confusing. Thank you. Rename each fraction as a terminating or repeating decimal 13/20 .65 1/3 0.3333333333333333 2/9 0.2222222222222222 5/12 0.4166666666666667 1/16 0.0625 Rename each mixed number as a terminating or ...
*Sunday, May 13, 2012 by claire*

**6th Grade Math**

PLEASE HELP ME!!!!! I need to answer this equation: 9/2m-8=-5.5+4m I need it answer in a way like this: Ex: 9+5k=45+2k 0peration S 9 5k=36+2k S 2k 45+2k D 3 k=12
*Monday, May 7, 2012 by Sabrina*

**6th Grade Science **

How did earthquakes contribute to the destruction of over seventy villages in Tibet? What does a concave scar on a hillside reveal about the formation of the landscape? How can erosion form new land? Please help me. I don't have any answers and I really need help. Thank ...
*Friday, May 4, 2012 by poisoned thorn*

**6th grade math**

The vertices of triangle ABC are a(8,23) B(2,2) C(2,8). What are the coordinates of the vertices if the triangle is reflected across the x-axis? is it A(8,2) B(2, -2) C(2, -8)?
*Friday, April 6, 2012 by i♥zee*

**6th grade geography, France**

Why do you think that the central government of Spain granted the Basques limited autonomy? How did political conditions and economic activities in Portugal change. How does Spain differ physically, economically, and culturally from the rest of Europe? Please, please, please ...
*Tuesday, April 3, 2012 by i♥zee*

**6th grade geography, France plz help ASAP**

which of the following is not true about the po river valley? a. the region is the country's most productive agriculture area b. the region is the site of Italy's major cultural center c. about 2/3 of italy's factory products are made in this region. I think it is...
*Tuesday, April 3, 2012 by i♥zee*

**italy- 6th grade**

Which of the following contrbuted to the heavy soil erosion in italy? a. volcanic activity b. heavy rainfall c. over farming d. overgrazing by goats and sheep my answer: heavy rainfall am i right?
*Sunday, April 1, 2012 by i♥zee*

**6th grade geography, Italy**

What are the advantages and disadvantages to Italy of having such diverse regions? 2 of each- disadvantages, and advantages
*Sunday, April 1, 2012 by i♥zee*

**6th grade english**

What does a spectator do? thx for any and all help ☺☻♥♦☻ϒ6;
*Thursday, March 15, 2012 by ☻i♥zee☻*

**6th Grade Christian History**

Why were the Christians persecuted by the Romans? At first I thought it was because they didn't believe in God. But then I had the question "to the Romans what was appealing about Christianity? What did they like about the teachings?" Please help!! I am sooooo ...
*Saturday, March 10, 2012 by ☻i♥zee☻*

**6th Grade Christian History**

To the Romans, what was appealing about Christianity? What did they like about the teachings? Why were the Christians persecuted by the Romans?
*Friday, March 9, 2012 by ☻i♥zee☻*

**6th Grade Christian History**

after a rebellion in 132 AD, the Romans____________, a) were defeated by the Jews b) banned the Jews from returning to Jerusalem c) imprisoned the Jews and made them all slaves d) crucified Jesus and threatened his followers my answer: b, am I correct
*Friday, March 9, 2012 by i.am..running.from.myself*

**6th Grade Christian History**

When Jesus cam as a stranger what did the blessed ones do? My answer: They invited him inside. They fed him if was hungry, gave him water if he was thirsty. They took care of him and made him feel as he belonged. Even though they didn't know it was jesus.
*Friday, March 9, 2012 by i.am..running.from.myself*

**6th Grade History: Writeteacher**

On my question earlier; What does "on the landward side" mean? A) away from the volcano B) toward the volcano C) on the far side of the bay D) on the sea floor there was not a picture or anything like that. What would you say it is? A or B
*Monday, March 5, 2012 by running.from.myself*

**6th Grade History**

in a.d 100's the roman empire surrounded what sea? Mediterranean Sea, Caspian Sea, Red Sea, or the Roman Empire was landlocked. I am not sure at all.... Please Help.
*Monday, March 5, 2012 by running.from.myself*

**6th Grade History**

What does "on the landward side" mean? A) away from the volcano B) toward the volcano C) on the far side of the bay D) on the sea floor my answer: d) on the sea floor. Am I correct? Thanks for all and any help in advance.
*Monday, March 5, 2012 by running.from.myself*

**6th Grade Math**

Simon went to the store to buy new school supplies. Simon spent 1/4 of his money on pencils and paper and 1/2 of his money on a backpack. If Simon has $12.50 leftover, how much did the backpack cost?
*Sunday, March 4, 2012 by Grace*

**6th Grade Math**

My daughter needs to use PROPORTION to solve metric conversions. Can you please help? The question are for the following conversions: g=kg ___g = 5.114 kg km=m 0.5 km = ___m These are the other conversions that we need to make: ml=L g=mg cm=m kg=g km=m 0.5 km = ___m mm=m cm=mm...
*Tuesday, February 14, 2012 by Mom*

**6th grade math**

If the weight of a package is multiplied by 5/7 the result is 40.5 pounds.Find the weight of the package.
*Monday, February 13, 2012 by Kate*

**6th grade math**

your mother gave you $13.32 with which to buy a present.This covered 3/5 of the cost.how much did the present cost? can someone please help me and also show me how to solve this?
*Monday, February 13, 2012 by Kate*

**6th grade science**

why would a shredded carrot turn the softest when it is sitting on top of a table out in the open air compared to the carrot in water and the carrot in salty water?
*Sunday, February 12, 2012 by kate*

**6th grade math**

the expression 4 - p is equivalent to "four minus a number", but not to "a number minus four".explain why.
*Sunday, February 5, 2012 by kate*

**Math Lit **

In a school there are 122 grade 8s, 105 grade 9s, 134 grade 10s, 109 grade 11s, 90 grade 12s. Express Each Class as a percentage of the whole school.
*Sunday, February 5, 2012 by Thabo*

**Science**

Is the meaning of an application in science 'how is it used in the real world'? Yes or No. If no, please write what the real definition is, in 6th grade language for me to understand.
*Tuesday, January 24, 2012 by Sarah*

**6th grade math**

Find the value fir each expression. Show your work. (13.28 - 7.8) divided by 4. I have the answer in the back of my book and when I try to work the problem out I keep getting the wrong answer. The answer is supposed to be 1.345 I can get the 1.34 but I get a remainder if 2. ...
*Monday, January 23, 2012 by Mad(:*

**6th grade Science**

Please help me with the questions? 1) How do you respond to some stimuli in your environment? The examples I wrote are: If I am hungry, I will eat food. If I am cold, then I will put on a jacket? 2) What does the fur of a bear have to do with homeostatis? I wrote that the fur ...
*Friday, December 9, 2011 by Tim*

**6th grade math**

In general, the air temperature decreases 12F for every 4000 feet increase in altitude. If a hiker climbs 3000 feet, by how much can she expect the temperature to decrease?
*Sunday, December 4, 2011 by Kate*

**Reading (hellp!)**

Can you give me a 6th grade sentence using the word calico,and a sentence using the word bravado please! ! !
*Monday, November 21, 2011 by Laura*

**My Awards (to share with teachers) **

1st Grade participation in summer reading and math program ------ 3rd Grade 2nd place in primary spelling bee Certificate of Achievement: Math, Music, Good Citizenship, Student of the month - June (4 awards) ---- 4th Grade Parp Ribbin Headliners Science Fair (scientific ...
*Saturday, November 19, 2011 by Laruen *

**6th grade science**

Mechanical weathering occurs at a greater rate in climates that are 1) cold and wet 2) warm and wet 3) hot and dry 4) cold and dry
*Friday, November 11, 2011 by Kate*

**math**

A team is made up of 6th 7th and 8th graders in the ratio of 234. How many 6th graders will be on a 36member team?
*Thursday, November 10, 2011 by brandon*

**Science 6TH Grade**

What would the application be to my experiment which was "We dig through soil and check for inorganic and organic matter in the soil and look for natural things in the soil(ex; beans,feather,rocks,sticks,and grass)" Please help! ive been on this for 4 hours now and ...
*Tuesday, November 8, 2011 by Hilga*

**science (6th grade)**

an athlete drinks a liter of water before a basketball game and continues to drink water during the game,describe how the athletes body is able to maintain homeostasis during the course of the game?
*Sunday, October 23, 2011 by scooby*

**6th grade math**

what is the range of 4min 30 sec, 5min 12 sec, 4min 24sec, 4min 51sec, 5min and 3sec?
*Wednesday, October 12, 2011 by lisa*

**Life Science 6th grade**

Explain how you could determine whether the seeds in a packet of round pea seeds have the genotype Rr or RR, in which R represents round seeds and r represents wrinkled seeds?
*Thursday, October 6, 2011 by Kaitlin *

**6th grade math**

i have to make a conjecture on if there is more or less than 50 numbers that can be written as product of 3 digit numbers w/o using the number 1 more than once as a factor. Example: 10 can be 1*2*5 and 24 can be 2*3*4
*Thursday, September 29, 2011 by STUDENT*

**6th grade math**

Ye Olde Toy Shoppe wants a set of toys: 1/4 of the toys should be blue, and 1/2 of the toys should be green. 2/3 of the toys should be giraffes, and 1/4 of the toys should be monkeys. Decription:???
*Saturday, September 24, 2011 by Kate*

**6th grade math**

a dog can run as fast as 39.35 miles per hour.without calculating,would about 12,14,or 16 be a reasonable answer for the number of miles a dog could run at this rate in 0.4 hour?Explain your reasoning.
*Sunday, September 18, 2011 by Kate*

**6th grade math**

sally's pencil is 15 hundredths of a meter long(0.15).Edward's pencil is 2 tenths a meter long(0.2).whose pencil is longer?
*Thursday, September 15, 2011 by Kate*

**Math**

I am in 6th grade and have a math problem that I need help with. How can you use four rods that measure 2cm, 5cm, 7cm and 9cm to measure a length of 1cm?
*Wednesday, August 31, 2011 by Bee*

**Math**

I am in 6th grade and have a math problem that I need help with. How can you use four rods that measure 2cm, 5cm, 7cm and 9cm to measure a length of 1cm?
*Tuesday, August 30, 2011 by Bee*

**Math**

Hello, im in 6th grade and im trying to find out the least common multiple of a number and the greatest common factor of a number. I dont know what they are. thanks
*Sunday, August 28, 2011 by Lexi*

**6th grade language to Ms. Sue**

this is what i think. 1. How pretty the sun is- declarative 2. Don't stand so close to the edge- imparative 3. It was quite chilly at night-exclamatory 4. Look at us riding on mules in this canyon- exclamatory
*Sunday, August 28, 2011 by deja*

**6th grade math**

Estamate each sum or diffrence by rounding to the greatest place value. 998,927-100,724 would the answer be 1,000,000-100,000=900,000 Thank you for helping me on my homework!
*Monday, August 22, 2011 by Claire*

**6th grade math**

Estamate each sum or diffrence by rounding to the greatest place value. 998,927-100,724 would the answer be 1,000,000-200,000=800,000 :)
*Monday, August 22, 2011 by Claire*

**6th grade math**

Estamate the sum or diffrence by rounding to the greatest place value. 639,069+283,136 Would it be 600,000+300,000=900,000
*Monday, August 22, 2011 by Claire*

**6th Grade Math**

Estimate each sum or difference by rounding to the greatest place value. 10,982+4,821= should the answer be... 11,000+5,000=16,000 or 10,000+5,000=15,000
*Monday, August 22, 2011 by Claire*

**6th grade fraction comparisons**

Which numbr is greater than 3/4. The possible answers are 75/100 , 11/12, 2/3 or 3/8. I thought that I would try the method of making the denominator the same by the lcd. 75/100 is equal to 3/4 mult denom/number by 3 and got 9/12 so dont know how to compare 11/12 not sure how ...
*Thursday, June 9, 2011 by Linda*

**6th grade decimal order**

I am going to list some decimals. Then I need to know if the order is correct from least to greatest. .55 , .678 , .434 and .8 Is the correct order: .434 , .550 , .678 , .8
*Wednesday, June 8, 2011 by Anonymous*

**social studies 6th grade**

I am having a hard time finding the answer to this review question. I have read and reread the section the answer should be found in. Please help! What guidelines did the Quran provide for the Muslim states?
*Wednesday, May 11, 2011 by Reed*

**6th grade english**

How would I change the following sentences to exclamatory? The moon travels at more than 2,300 miles per hour Some people thought the moon was made out of green cheese
*Saturday, April 30, 2011 by Linda*